Where do my old i-Phones and computers end up?

Thanks to the modern technology, our lives become much more comfortable and convenient with electronics, such as a smart-phone, personal computer, and television. Someday, I was curious about my old i-Pod and lap-top commuters like where they go after end of  life? It is unconvinced belief that even old devices may be used in developing country by the second or third new owner, who buys my one as a used products. Or I thought my old electronic may be dissembled by the professional hands for recycle. I never doubted that it may hurt future generation and me. However, I could know this is wrong idea after watching the video that talks about e-waste problem. Many e-wastes are sneakily exporting to developed countries to developing countries. By unskillful hands and unequipped youth labors, my old i-pod and computer has been dissembled and buried that we all have big responsibility of making the world as a hazard living environment. This problem is very serious problem as threatening all living organisms in the present and future. We should be aware of this problem immediately.

E-waste – Any unwanted equipment that is dependent upon electric current of electromagnetic fields in  order to operate properly and no longer serves its original purpose. E-waste is also often called as WEEE (Waste and Electronic Equipment) that generates extremely hazard by-products, such as dioxins, furans, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), polyhalogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (PHAHs), and hydrogen cholride. Regardless of its dangerous toxic, e-waste are improperly eliminated as a huge amount. Landfill, incineration, reuse, recycle, and export are all lists how to treat e-waste. More than 70% of America’s e-waste are exporting to the third worlds. China, Pakistan, India, Indonesia, and Ghana are major importers of e-waste. European Union and American  are major exporters because the proper treatment of e-waste cost too much, but nobody wants to pay for the right price to take care of e-waste. So, unwelcomed e-waste are being shipped to developing countries.

E-Waste trading route – by Green Peace

Basel Convention was held in 1989 to aim at preventing the economically motivated dumping of hazardous wastes in developing countries. Additionally, Basel Ban Amendment in 1995 prohibits all exports of hazard waste between member states. These international agreement is working as a guideline without direct regulations. According to Green Peace, “the United States has signed the Basel Convention, but has yet to ratify the Convention. In order for the United States to become a Basel party, it must rafity the Convetion and have sufficient authority to implement Basel’s terms. For this reason, the United States cannot participate in waste transfers with Basel Parties without a separate and equivalent bilateral or multilateral agreement.” In other words, Green Peace International tells that “50-80 percent of the waste in the U.S. collected for recycling is being  exported to developing countries or sold to ‘grey’ market.” The government of the United States did not ratified the Basel Convention yet, so America’s practice is legal.


E-waste is growing up super-fast that would be exceeding over 93.5 million tons annually. How do we take care of these? We do not have much capability to deal with plenty of growing e-waste and contained hazard toxins; therefore, immoral exports are being proceeding in the behind of us. Almost 70% of global e-waste ends up in China. Burning and heating are major methods to extract valuable material from e-waste that cause of serious health problems and massive ecological destruction. However, it keeps continually arriving in China because it is very profitable as China has low wages and high demand for used products. This industry also feed their family.


Regulations are already ready to stop the problem of e-waste, but the lack of operational system and will is another problem. Environmental protection agency, RCRA (Resource Conservation Recovery Act), and EPA policy for hazardous  waste are not function in the United States. It is same happening in China as well. There are three major reasons; the first, e-wastes are difficult to categorize into just three classifications (industrial, municipal and hazardous waste). The second, it is hard to define who is causing the problem. The third, it is hard to ensure funding of treatment.

Do you still we have a plenty land to bury waste?

This is not going to be a right solution. Lead and mercury would intake into ground water and land that would transfer to plants and animals we consume. How does it sound? You cannot still feel? Let’s check out the film of the largest e-waste site in the world, Guiyu in Guangdong Province in China.


This is caused by our unmindful consumerism and ethnocentric viewpoint. Serious disaster is happening  now as a sin of us. We all are interdependent beings as a part of nature. Many people may think that we are separated from other beings like other nations and nature; however, the air we take, the water we drink, and the food we eat come from the nature and various regions. In the fast growing society, mindful consumption is not easy as people do not buy new things, but we can at least try to use old one more and dump properly. For us and next generation the sustainable environment must be attained by your immediate action and awareness.

Gumball 3000: 3000 miles, 7 days road trip all over the world.


2015 Gumball 3000 Announcement, Stockholm to Sin City

May 23rd in Stockholm, Sweden, 2015 gumball 3000 rally would be held with 50 multinational combination of teams, 2 drivers per car, starting to go through Oslo, Copenhagen, Amsterdam, and then fight over the Atlantic Ocean to America, heading from San Francisco to Las Vegas. How does it sound? If you love a car, I bet you’re going to love the Gumball 3000. Fifty super-fast cars and rich people are driving over the world from a continent to another continent, which will begin soon.


2014 Gumball 3000 Route

2011 Gumball 3000 Route

Have you ever heard about Gumball 3000 rally? A car is the best toy of human being. For someone, it can be dream or energy. Yeah, the Gumball 3000 rally is an infamous rally of super-fast cars and fun people, so I’m sure that the Gumball 3000 is one of the exiting car event for everyone, not event for professional drivers. This is 3000 miles long road trip, held during 7 days, attending hundred twenty numbers of driver and approximately fifty numbers of exotic car. Party is held all over the cities they stop by because this event is not only focused on driving a car, but also emphasized for sharing unique life style and aspirational vision with multicultural background attendees. Music, a car, entertainment are core key words, influenced by the pop culture. The gumball 3000 is not about racing. It is about fun, passion, and people relating with a car.

Gumball 3000 Founder, Maximillion Cooper

Maxi million Cooper, former racing driver and British entrepreneur, is the founder of the Gumball 3000, who create this exclusively unique rally by having a road trip with 50 of his influential and celebrity friends in 1999, crossing over Europe countries. His passion toward a car, music, fashion, and pop culture starts to attract many people to get involved in this rally every years.

In this rally, your eyes and ears get thrilled by exotic cars, which are much better than the car list of motor show. Bentley, Ferrari, Mercedes-Benz, Jaguar, Lamborghini, Rolls Royce, Bugatti, and Mc Laruen are common brands. In previous years, Mercedes Benz G63 AMG 6×6, Batmobile, Mercedes-Benz McLaren SLR Sterling Moss, Morgan Aero SuperSports, and Rebellion R2K were attended. People could enjoy to watch these cars were running around them in the public road.

<Photos by Gumball 3000 Facebook>

Young, powerful, and fun images are most features, so energetic sponsors like Youtube and Nixon worked to help this event. To make sure rally schedule and attendees’ convenience, five-rated hotel, jet air-plain, train, and ship are exclusively provided by the Gumball 3000 operation team.  A lot of celebrities, such as famous rapper Xzibit are also participated in this rally each years.

Attending in the Gumball 3000 rally costs very expensive, £40,000 (about $67,000), that does not allow many attendees, but most gumballers would like to pay even more for the cost of this priceless experience. Moreover, their passion about this rally is connected with huge charity either. Big profits from attending this rally helps youths via the Gumball 3000 foundation. Many fans of Gumball 3000 are also waiting for the next journey and new exotic cars as they hope to watch this world fabulous public road rally.

You can’t still imagine that? Let’s feel the Gumball 3000 via the video.

2015 Gumball 3000 rally is coming up soon!

Korean 1000: Soju, the Best Way to Enjoy Korean Culture.

somaek_koreana news

Have you ever drank Soju with Korean guys? Many Koreans loves drinking and dancing called Um-Joo-Ga-Mu(음주가무) in Korean word as old traditional saying since Korean ancestors enjoyed poem and music thousand-hundred year ago; moreover, Korean’s unique drinking cultures stand to tie Korean people together for fun and social relationship.

Some people from outside of Korea might say that drinking soju in Korean culture looks ritual or something like religious ceremony because Korean people have so many rules and ways for drinking Soju. In other words, if you know how to drink Soju in Korean way, it means you are already admitted to get into Korean culture. Soju is Korean traditional hard-liquor like Russian’s Vodka and Japanese’s Sake, but it is very cheap, costing approximately around $1 to $3 per bottle in Korea, so Soju is Korean’s best favorite alcohol, which gives perfect taste especially when you eat Korean BBQ. In the U.S. Soju price goes up high as an imported goods, but Korean people can’t get over from drinking Soju even in the U.S. (You can buy Soju (Jinro) in Columbia, Missouri at HyVee!)
Do you know why Korean people is addicted to drink Soju? Drinking culture is an important component in Korea society to have good relationship with people or to get close with new people, based on Confusion ideas. Korea has the unique tradition that young people should respect seniors or their parents by using specially designed honorific words and manners. This way of social code is shown in the drinking culture as well, which builds strong relationship. If you follow ways from below linked video or general instruction I wrote, I swear to god that all Korean people around you would like you so much immediately! This is basic step as an essential rule, respecting people older than you by using proper ways of drinking soju, showing them respects.

Here is general instruction:
1. Use both hands to hold a Soju glass to receive a shot from old people. (Using one hand in Korea looks rude)
2. Always check all glasses to not be empty. (Empty means you do not care so much)
3. Do not pour your shot. If you’re not youngest person among a group of people, your glass would not be dried up like Step 2. (Koreans do not drink Soju alone or pour soju for his/her self)
4. Do not refill other’s glasses until they finish their shot (Refilling unfinished glass is only allowed for dead people;;;)
5. Drinking starts by suggesting toast. Do not drink your shot before toast.
6. First shot must be “One Shot” (Finish the first shot at once, highly recommend)
7. If you’re younger than others, others will pay your bill. (It’s Korean culture~! Lucky!)
Moreover, Korean’s social values, such as hard-working and collectivism, play as active role for powerful social-drive, so drinking soju with many people is a usual scene after sunset or work. Drinking culture is very fun and active as social value does. “Work hard, play hard” is so true, applying for all around Korea peninsula.

Soju is strong liquor, containing 25% alcohol per bottle (Regular size: 360ml = 12oz) and should be stored in a refrigerator as cold as possible before drinking. This makes for smooth and happy drinking. If you go to Korea, you’ll see frozen Sojus and glasses in refrigerators.

icy cold soju
Because Soju is sometimes too strong to drink, Korean people also love to drink So-Maek, which is made up by mixing Soju + Maek-Joo (=beer). Putting a soju glass into a beer glass is a popular way to make So-Maek(소맥). For entertaining purpose, various ways to make So-Maek are used for better taste and fun.

Best So-Maek receipt
1. Prepare icy cold larger beer and Soju
2. Mix 1/3 amount of Soju based on Soju glass and ½ amount of beer based on beer glass
3. Stir So-Maek followed by your own way (This step is important part! If you have no idea, watch posted videos)
If you like to know Korean culture or plan to go to Korea or Korean town,
all you need to do is starting to drink “SOJU” and “So-Maek”!

Don’t forget Drink responsibly and legally (21+)!
Thank you for reading my posting.